• A market valuation – This helps indicate what the property may sell for.
  • A bank valuation – is done by a lender to help determine their risks.

About Bank Valuations

More often than not the bank valuation will be more conservative and does not reflect the market value of the property. The Bank valuation is designed to protect themselves from the risk of you defaulting on the loan.

A bank valuation is an internal business tool that estimates what a lender can expect to recoup if they ever need to repossess the property and sell it. They also factor in agent commissions and legal costs – so it is quite a different perspective than market value calculations.

If you default on the mortgage they need to sell the property and incur all the costs involved in the sale. So the bank valuation is just the amount they think they could reasonably recoup quickly should it need to repossess and sell the property.

If you encounter financial hardship and you default on your mortgage payments, you will be best to try and sell the property yourself for “market value” before the banks steps in and sells it for whatever they can quickly get.

A bank valuation, although not an accurate reflection of the true property value, is a major determining factor in whether you qualify for a loan or not. Some lenders will charge you for the bank valuation, some offer free valuations when you apply.

About Market Valuations

A market valuation is an estimation of a property’s value in the real estate market. It will most times be higher than the Bank valuation. It takes into account local fluctuations, location, buyer demographics, comparables and desirability. All of which the Bank valuation doesn’t factor in. The bank valuation is simply cold hard numbers.

A market valuation provides either a buyer or a seller anindicative price that will be paid for the property. It is designed to help you make a decision how much to buyor sell a property for.

What if there is a Large Difference?

The conservative bank valuation is what the bank uses to determine if it will lend you the money. Even if you have a pre-approved loan, if there is a substantial discrepancy between what you have agreed to pay for the property and what the bank values it at, you may run into some difficulties. If you cannot meet the lender’s required loan-to-value ratio (LVR), you may not get final approval for the loan.

You can try several avenues – including

  • Going back to the vendor and trying to renegotiate.
  • You can request a second valuation by anothervaluer approved by the lender.
  • It is possible to dispute the Bank valuation – This willrequire very solid evidence and research to proveyour point. (This is not often successful)
  • You can find a way to add extra deposit to cover theshortfall in the LVR.

When buying property research is the absolute key. In the case of market value vs. bank valuation – Proper research will reduce the likelihood of agreeing to pay substantially more than the Bank valuation and in turn having issues with final loan approval.